Employees in Haifa contended that the employer who paid them a low wage, compared to other employees who did the same job in another city, discriminated against them on the basis of place of residence.
The Court rejected the claim because it was not found that the difference is based on invalid discrimination considerations. Israeli law prohibits differences in wages and working conditions only if they are based on invalid considerations of discrimination: Place of residence, gender, sexual orientation, age, race, religion, nationality, ethnic origin, parentage, etc. Discrimination exists only when the act entails invalid consideration while the mere existence of a difference alone is not sufficient . Here, each of the employees lived in a different city with no common factor between them and therefore it cannot be said that the place of residence was the invalid consideration and the basis for the difference in salary.